There are two Eid celebrations in Islam.
Every year, Muslims celebrate two important festivals: Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. They are two distinct events with distinct characteristics and purposes.
Eid ul-Fitr takes place at the end of Ramadan, the Islamic calendar’s ninth month, when Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset and cleanse their deeds by donating to charity and giving up bad habits. The celebration begins each year when a new moon appears in the sky, however Muslims in most places will wait for an official observation to be declared before searching the sky.
Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr not just to mark the conclusion of a month of fasting, but also to thank Allah for providing them with the fortitude they needed throughout the month to practice self-control and restraint. Families will put on new clothing, adorn their houses, and gather with friends, neighbors, and loved ones to share a special feast.
Muslims will attend special services at their local mosques on this holy day, and some may participate in a procession through the streets.
Eid is a time of forgiveness and unity when everyone shares love and peace.
Eid ul-Adha is a time when Muslims come together to celebrate the obedience of the Prophet Ibrahim. This Eid is also known as a festival of sacrifice. Muslims believe that God asked Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice, his son.
Ibrahim’s son was called Ismail who was also completely obedient to God’s command, recognizing it to be the will of God. However, when Ibrahim prepares to sacrifice his son, God tells him to stop and lets him sacrifice a ram instead.
Muslims that can afford to do so, also slaughter an animal in honor of Ibrahim’s sacrifice, then the meat is distributed among neighbors, friends, family, the poor, and the needy. It is also a time for prayers, visiting friends and family, and giving gifts.
Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca
Eid ul-Adha is observed on the tenth day of Dhul Hijjah, the Islamic calendar’s 12th month, and lasts three to four days.
Muslims also go to Saudi Arabia’s Mecca (Makkah) to undertake the Hajj, a religious pilgrimage whereby believers practice ancient rituals which connect them to God and allow them to get God’s Forgiveness.